Atlantic Tuna Commission Fails Sharks Again Published: 27 November, 2013
ICCAT leaves high seas mako fishing unregulated, porbeagles unprotected, and finning ban weak
CAPE TOWN, SOUTH AFRICA// Fishing nations at the annual meeting of the International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas (ICCAT) failed to reach consensus on several shark conservation proposals, including European Union (EU) bids to establish catch limits for Shortfin Makos and to prohibit retention of Porbeagles. A multi-national effort to strengthen the ICCAT ban on shark finning (slicing off a sharks fins and discarding the body at sea) was also defeated, yet gained support from a considerable number of ICCAT member countries during the meeting.
Despite our deep disappointment over the final outcome for sharks at this meeting, we are encouraged by the growing number of countries taking a stand for international conservation of these exceptionally vulnerable species, said Sonja Fordham, President of Shark Advocates International. In particular, we welcome support for stronger finning bans from Senegal and Gabon, and are hopeful that these voices signal increasing engagement from African nations in the global battle against overfishing and waste of sharks.
The U.S., Belize, and Brazil were unsuccessful in their fifth attempt to strengthen the ICCAT finning ban by replacing the current fin-to-carcass weight ratio limit with a prohibition on removing fins at sea, due to strong opposition from Japan, China, and Korea. The move toward the more reliable fins-attached policy, however, gained co-sponsorship this year from the EU, Egypt, Guatemala, Mexico, Panama, Senegal, and the Overseas Territories of the United Kingdom.
An EU proposal to establish catch limits for heavily fished, highly vulnerable Shortfin Mako Sharks received general support from the U.S., but failed due to strong opposition from Japan, China, and Korea. ICCAT scientists have recommended measures to ensure Shortfin Mako fishing does not increase, yet makos are not subject to quotas under ICCAT or through the main Atlantic mako fishing nations of Spain and Portugal.
We are grateful for the EUs increasing efforts to secure shark conservation measures at ICCAT, and yet remind officials that there is much work to do for sharks in Europe, said Ali Hood, Director of Conservation for Shark Trust. We encourage the European Commission to boost its case for ICCAT safeguards for sharks by establishing EU limits on oceanic sharks, especially makos, and by demonstrating for Asian delegations that the fins-attached method is feasible for large-scale, high-seas freezer fleets, using examples from Spain.
For the fourth year in a row, Canada ensured the defeat of an EU proposal to protect Porbeagle Sharks.